Speech-Language Therapy

At Perry County Memorial Hospital, our speech-language pathologists are highly trained to work with all age groups in the areas of speech, language and swallowing in a variety of settings including: acute care, Swing Bed (i.e., rehab, to home), home care and outpatient.

Children age birth to 3 years, who demonstrate difficulties with communication or swallowing can receive speech language services through Perry County Memorial Hospital.

Preschool and school-age children, who exhibit difficulties with speech and/or language, can also be helped at Perry County Memorial Hospital, because our speech-language pathologists have experience working with children.

Adults, who have experienced a neurological disturbance such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, or a disease affecting the nervous system, are also among those treated at Perry County Memorial Hospital for speech-language disturbances and/or swallowing disorders.


The most common speech, language and swallowing disorders include:


AAC refers to ways (other than speech) that are used to send a message from one person to another. We all use augmentative communication techniques, such as facial expression, gestures, and writing as part of our daily life. People with severe speech or language problems must rely heavily upon these standard techniques as well as on special augmentative techniques that have been developed for them.

Aphasia is a disorder that results from damage to the language centers of the brain. As a result, individuals who were previously able to communicate through speaking, listening, reading, and writing become more limited in their ability to do so. The most common form of aphasia is stroke, but blows to the head, other traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, and other sources of brain damage can also cause aphasia.

Articulation refers to the way that we produce sounds when communicating. Problems with production of specific sounds can negatively affect overall intelligibility. This can impact an individual's ability to successfully communicate wants, needs, and thoughts.

Developmental apraxia of speech is a disorder of the nervous system that affects the ability to sequence and say sounds, syllables, and words. This problem is in the brain's planning to move the body parts needed for speech. The child knows what he or she wants to say, but the brain is not sending the correct instructions to move the body parts of speech the way that they need to be moved.

A language-based learning disability interferes with age-appropriate reading, spelling, and/or writing. Learning disabilities are caused by a difference in brain structure that is present at birth, if often hereditary, and often related to specific language problems.

Specific language impairment is characterized by difficulty with language that is not caused by known neurological, sensory, intellectual, or emotional deficit. It can affect the development of vocabulary, grammar, and discourse skills, with evidence that certain morphemes may be especially difficult to acquire (including usage of pronouns, past tense, the copula "be.")

Stuttering is a disorder of speech fluency that interrupts the forward flow of speech.

Voice is a problem when the pitch, loudness, or quality calls attention to itself rather than to what the speaker is saying.

Dysphagia is a condition that causes discomfort or difficulty swallowing. General signs may include coughing during or after eating or drinking, extra effort or time needed to chew or swallow, food or liquid leaking from the mouth or getting stuck in the mouth, recurring pneumonia or chest congestion after eating, and/or weight loss or dehydration from not being able to eat enough.

Autism is a disorder that is usually first diagnosed in early childhood. The main signs and symptoms of autism involve communication, social interactions and repetitive behaviors.

Children with autism might have problems talking with you, or they might not look you in the eye when you talk to them. They may have to line up their pencils before they can pay attention, or they may say the same sentence again and again to calm themselves down. They may flap their arms to tell you they are happy, or they might hurt themselves to tell you they are not. Some people with autism never learn how to talk.


Proven, painless therapy for Dysphagia: VitalStim Therapy.


Perry County Memorial Hospital offers VitalStim Therapy, the first proven treatment for dysphagia. It is the only swallowing treatment backed by compelling clinical data and cleared by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA).

If you feel that you or a family-member may benefit from our speech-language therapy services, discuss the possibility with your physician. If you have questions about our department, feel free to contact us at (812) 547-7011.

Links:
www.asha.org
www.vitalrehabilitation.com

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